Let's talk a bit about a one of the top commodities in the world.
The origin and history of coffee date back to the 10th century, probably earlier considering previous documents, legends and reports which take us back another few centuries. The birth place of this plant is believed to have been in Ethiophia, Africa.
The earliest evidence of drinkable coffee has been found in Yemen, 15th century. Rapidly spreading around middle east, south India and Turkey and northern Africa. Reaching Italy, rest of Europe and southeast Asia before showing up in America.
Yemeni traders brought coffee back to their homeland and began to cultivate the bean.The word qahwa originally meant wine, and Sufis in Yemen used the beverage as an aid to concentration and as a kind of spiritual intoxication when they chanted the name of God
Coffee was first introduced to Europe on the island of Malta.
The International Coffee Agreement (ICA) is an international commodity agreement between coffee producing countries and consuming countries. First signed in 1962, it is aimed at maintaining exporting countries' quotas and keeping coffee prices high and stable in the market, mainly using export quotas to steer the price. The International Coffee Organization, the controlling body of the agreement, represents all major coffee producing countries and most consuming countries
On the top ten producing countries:
BRAZIL, VIETNAME, COLOMBIA, INDONESIA, ETHIOPHIA, HONDURAS, INDIA, UGANDA, MEXICO Y GUATEMALA.
Research suggests that moderate caffeine consumption does not alter total body water and fluid distribution and drinking a variety of caffeinated beverages, such as coffee, can contribute to meeting the body’s requirement for fluids
Insight of nutritional information about a cup of black coffee:
- The addition of milk, cream, sugar or other sweeteners to taste will affect the final nutritional value and may increase the calorie content.
The type of water used in preparation (i.e. hard or soft water) may influence the micronutrient content of a cup of black coffee, particularly in relation to calcium and magnesium levels
Worldwide we consume about 145 million bags of coffee a year - that's almost 10 million tons of coffee.